3 Ways that Estrogen can affect your mental health
Estrogen and progesterone are the major sex hormones in women. Estrogen is responsible for the development of women’s reproductive system and physical attributes. The hormone is also produced in men, but in smaller amounts. It is responsible for the development of a girl into a woman.
During puberty, estrogen promotes the growth of breasts, pubic and underarm hair and offsets the menstrual cycle. The right amount of estrogen in the body plays a critical role in a woman’s body. Therefore, an imbalance in either excesses or lows can impair your health. Here are the three ways estrogen can affect your mental health:
Top 3 Ways Estrogen Hormone Can Affect Your Emotions
1. Mood Swings
Estrogen can affect your mood swings. It can increase beta-endorphins, acetylcholine and serotonin levels in your body. The neurotransmitters are associated with positive moods and good-feeling states. They promote the development of new brain synapses, leading to increased brain-derived growth factor and 5 HT2a receptors.
The hormone also decreases monoamine oxidase (MAO) enzyme levels to increase or maintain high dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine levels. Studies have linked low estrogen levels to panic attacks. Women may experience anxiety, depression and mood swings as they approach menopause due to low estrogen levels in their bodies.
Depression during menopause can be addressed through hormonal balancing instead of using antidepressant medications.
2. Premenstrual Symptom (PMS) and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder